One of the sons of Harunu'r-rashid came to his father in a passion, saying, "Such an officer's son has insulted me, by speaking abusively of my mother. Harun said, "O my son! Since there is little biographical information about Sa'di outside of his writings, his short, apparently autobiographical tales, such as the following have been used by commentators to build up an account of his life. I remember that, in the time of my childhood, I was devout, and in the habit of keeping vigils, and eager to practise mortification and austerities.
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One night I sate up in attendance on my father, and did not close my eyes the whole night, and held the precious qur'an in my lap while the people around me slept. I said to my father, "Not one of these lifts up his head to perform a prayer. They are so profoundly asleep that you would say they were dead. Most of the tales within the Gulistan are longer, some running on for a number of pages. In one of the longest, in Chapter 3, Sa'di explores aspects of undertaking a journey for which one is ill-equipped:.
An athlete, down on his luck at home, tells his father how he believes he should set off on his travels, quoting the words:. His father warns him that his physical strength alone will not be sufficient to ensure the success of his travels, describing five kinds of men who can profit from travel: the rich merchant, the eloquent scholar, the beautiful person, the sweet singer and the artisan.
The son nevertheless sets off and, arriving penniless at a broad river, tries to get a crossing on a ferry by using physical force. He gets aboard, but is left stranded on a pillar in the middle of the river.
Lesson 8 (The Gulistan of Sa’di) 1st Year English Notes
This is the first of a series of misfortunes that he is subjected to, and it is only the charity of a wealthy man that finally delivers him, allowing him to return home safe, though not much humbled by his tribulations. The story ends with the father warning him that if he tries it again he may not escape so luckily:. In the fifth chapter of The Gulistan of Saadi, on Love and Youth, Saadi includes explicit moral and sociological points about the real life of people from his time period The story below by Saadi, like so much of his work, conveys meaning on many levels and broadly on many topics.
Sa'di's Gulistan is said to be one of the most widely read books ever produced. Persian for a long time was the language of literature from Bengal to Constantinople, and the Gulistan was known and studied in much of Asia. In Persian-speaking countries today, proverbs and aphorisms from the Gulistan appear in every kind of literature and continue to be current in conversation, much as Shakespeare is in English.
The Gulistan has been significant in the influence of Persian literature on Western culture.
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La Fontaine based his "Le songe d'un habitant du Mogol"  on a story from Gulistan chapter 2 story A certain pious man in a dream beheld a king in paradise and a devotee in hell. He inquired, "What is the reason of the exaltation of the one, and the cause of the degradation of the other? Voltaire was familiar with works of Sa'di, and wrote the preface of Zadig in his name. He mentions a French translation of the Gulistan, and himself translated a score of verses, either from the original or from some Latin or Dutch translation.
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Sir William Jones advised students of Persian to pick an easy chapter of the Gulistan to translate as their first exercise in the language. In the United States Ralph Waldo Emerson who addressed a poem of his own to Sa'di, provided the preface for Gladwin's translation, writing, "Saadi exhibits perpetual variety of situation and incident He has furnished the originals of a multitude of tales and proverbs which are current in our mouths, and attributed by us to recent writers.
Friedrich Ochsenbach based a German translation on this. Georgius Gentius produced a Latin version accompanied by the Persian text in The Gulistan has been translated into many languages.
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Thackston This well-known verse, part of chapter 1, story 10 of the Gulistan , is woven into a carpet which is hung on a wall in the United Nations building in New York: . President Barack Obama quoted this in his videotaped Nowruz New Year's greeting to the Iranian people in March "There are those who insist that we be defined by our differences.
But let us remember the words that were written by the poet Saadi, so many years ago: 'The children of Adam are limbs to each other, having been created of one essence. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Main article: Bani Adam. Retrieved 16 January Grabstein Ghofrani Detail. Grabstein Prof. Reza Ghofrani. Gulistan du ryer. Gulistan or rose garden Poor dervish in Gulistan of Sa'di.
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Sa'di's Gulistan - Nasta'liq calligraphy style. Sadi and the youth of kashgar Bukhara Sadi given a drink Gulistan 9. Sadi in a Rose garden. Sadi, Gulistan, f. The poet Sa'di converses by night with a young friend in a garden.
The Traveler and the Dervish. A youth is marooned by an angry boatman. Sa'di, Gulistan.
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